The term Palaeoeskimo (Palaeo=old) is used to refer to the peoples of the Arctic who lived before the Thule. The Thule were the direct ancestors of the Inuit who now inhabit the Canadian north. Palaeoeskimo peoples may be remotely related to the Inuit, but they are not the direct ancestors of any modern Arctic people.
Modern populations are sometimes divided into different groups for simplicity sake based on various cultural traits. Archaeologists sometimes do this with archaeological cultures. For example, in this province the Palaeoeskimo people are represented by the Pre-Dorset, Groswater and Dorset based on differing cultural traits. The Palaeoeskimo sites on the south coast of the island represent the farthest south these groups are known to have reached.
There are nearly 900 known Palaeoeskimo archaeological sites in the province. To learn more about the Palaeoeskimo there are several webpages you can go to: