Inuit living along the coast of Labrador are the direct descendants of a pre-European contact hunting society that spread across Canada from Alaska and centered on capturing massive bowhead whales. This culture, called Thule by archaeologists, quickly adapted to the mixed arctic and sub-arctic conditions found in the Labrador region. By the early post-contact period the Inuit had spread as far south as the Northern Peninsula of Newfoundland.
There are nearly 800 known Thule and Inuit archaeological sites in the province. To learn more about the Thule and Inuit please go to:
Recently the Inuit of Newfoundland and Labrador signed a land claims agreement with the provincial government resulting in the formation of an Inuit government, Nunatsiavut Government, in parts of Labrador and control of their own lands. You can learn more about this agreement by going here or directly to the Nunatsiavut Government website.